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Armenians` chimera about dominance in Caucasus

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Caucasus was the region of vital importance in all periods of history of humanity. Located at the crossroads of East and West, North and East, this region is the area where various civilizations, religions and peoples meet. And geographical location and natural resources of Caucasusenhanced its geopolitical importance even more. This region, which is sensitive from the geopolitical point of view, historically attracted attention of the majority of empires. Who else have not fought for theCaucasus?!

However, as time went by none of foreign invaders managed to stay too long in the Caucasus. But in geopolitical reality of the modern era, Armenians relocated to the region by foreign invaders are even bigger problem than invaders themselves. Armenians who are not indigenous in the Caucasuswere resettled to its separate regions mainly beginning from the 18th century after the Russian-Turkish and Russian-Persian wars. Since then, they have become, in a true sense of the word, a “headache” to the region. After arriving in the region as poor and impoverished refugees, Armenians began to dominate theCaucasus some time later thanks to their masterminds.

Appetite of this small state created at the expense of native Azerbaijani lands in theSouth Caucasusgranted to Armenians is extremely enormous. After annexing in the beginning of the century the historical Azerbaijani lands such as Irevan, Zangezur, Dereleyaz, Vedibasar, Geicha mahal, Armenians managed to divide Azerbaijan (Nakhchivan was split off from the rest of Azerbaijan) and secure the autonomy for Nagorno-Karabakh.

During nearly 70 years, Armenians cherished their chimera about “Great Armenia” and watched for their chance. Political upheavals of the end of the 20th century gave Armenians a new chance to please their “elder brothers” and get new lands instead. Nagorno-Karabakh fell victim of exactly this scenario. Notwithstanding the talks held and official recognition of Armenians as aggressors by the international community, the territorial integrity ofAzerbaijan has not yet been recovered. Armenians seek to realize their plans by serving geopolitical ambitions of some “elder brothers.”

One of the most important features of the Armenian insidiousness is their ability to sense the opportune time and moment. It becomes obvious after analyzing the history that mean leaders of this nation usually begin to fulfill their dirty intentions at a time when the world faces political upheavals: in 1905-1908 when the Tsarist Russia was in a difficult situation, when political stability was derailed during the World War I, during the fall of the USSR etc.

New Armenian chimeras are now becoming more distinct. Today, Georgian lands are the major target for them. The 2002 census in Georgiashows there were 248,000 Armenians of whom 113,000 lived in Samckhe – Javakheti. Armenians account for 54.6% of the population in this region. Demographic predominance of Armenians is a result of oppression of Muslims (Meskheti Turks and Azerbaijanis). The 1897 census conducted in the Tsarist Russia suggested Armenians constituted 22% of the population of the Akhalzikh district in the Tiflis region while 24,317 Meskheti Turks (35.1%) and 12,370 Azerbaijanis (18%) put together made up 53%.1  According to the 2002 census, 16,879 Armenians already accounted for 36% of the population in the Akhalzikh district. Deportation of Meskheti Turks during the soviet empire led numerical superiority Armenians in the region. Although, Armenians consider these places their native land, the reality shows that Armenian minority managed to become a majority during 150-170 years alone after resettlement in the region.

Armenian separatist movements in Samckhe – Javakheti are expanding day by day. They demand to give to Javakheti the Tsalka municipality (where Armenians constitute almost half of the population), which, according to the administrative and territorial division, is related to the Kvemo-Kartli region. They also demand autonomy to the Samskhe-Javakheti, official status to the Armenian language and respective status to the Armenian Apostolic church.

The region of Samckhe-Javakheti borders theRepublicofArmeniaandTurkey. It plays a role of a buffer to the north. In the political aspect, local Armenians united round the “Single Javakhk” political movement and became a political power, which has an impact on the political life in bothGeorgiaandArmenia. Thus, they demanded that the leadership ofArmeniagive seats in the parliament for five Armenians from this region.

Armenians try to influence the political course ofGeorgiaas well. They attempt to preventGeorgiafrom honoring the law “On repatriation”, which is one of its obligations to the international community – return of Meskheti Turks to their homeland. According to local Armenians, after resettlement of Meskheti Turks to the region, theRepublicofArmeniawill find itself surrounded by Turks on all four sides, which is the biggest threat to the geopolitical position ofArmenia. The Armenian factor is very important in the Georgia-Russia, Georgia-Turkey and Georgia-US relationships. Ballyhoo stirred up by Armenians when the Russian military base in Akhalkalaki was shutting down and their attitude to Georgia`s NATO membership has the potential to impact on the political life of the country. The demand of Javakheti Armenians against the government ofGeorgiato recognize the notorious “Armenian genocide” also comes from their political impudence.

Armenian duplicity demonstrates itself here again. On one hand, the “Javakhk diaspora of Russia” in its statement of December 2011 said “Georgia`s NATO membership contradicts interests of Javakheti Armenians, and they can raise the issue of cession from Georgia.”2 On the other hand, pro-Armenian congressmen in US put onto the agenda the issue of providing financial assistance to Javakheti Armenians. It means Armenians are ready to betray anybody to achieve their goals.

The other Georgian region hit by Armenian separatism is Abkhazia. Armenians occupy leading positions in this notorious “state”, which declared its independence. Official statistics says Armenians constituted 21% of the population in 2003 (44,900).3 And unofficial information suggests their number comes to nearly 70,000. It is a huge number for Abkhazia with its population of 180-200 thousand. Armenians have enough seats in the Cabinet as well. The Minister of Economy, Vice-Speaker of the parliament of the self-proclaimed republic has Armenian roots. Armenians are also represented among MPs and business community.

One of the special nuances defining Armenian positions in Abkhazia is the Bagramian battalion. This military unit, which fought on the side of Abkhazians during the Georgian-Abkhaz war and rose to “prominence” thanks to its cruelty and mercilessness against Georgians, derailed Armenian-Georgian friendship once and for all. Commanders and fighters of the Bagramian battalion occupied a political position and enjoy special influence.

Samckhe – Javakheti and Abkhazia are the regions ofGeorgia, which witnessed Armenian separatist movements. The third potential flashpoint is theAjarianAutonomousRepublic. Armenians launder “dirty money” in this investment-friendly region ofGeorgia. Over 100 Armenian companies operate in the region. Armenians involve their fellow countrymen into the business network ofGeorgia. Armenian business people purchase huge property and land through local Armenians. Construction of the Irevan-Batumi railroad is being discussed currently.

It is clear that moving fromArmeniato Samckhe-Javakheti – Ajaria they seek to achieve their unreal goals. This road must provide an access to theBlack Seafor Armenians. Ties with Abkhazia will be stronger after getting the access to theBlack Sea. Armenian’s objective to establish direct contacts with their allies may be realized this way. The goals of Armenians in the coming century are now becoming clearer to be seen.

The interesting point is thatGeorgiais not concerned too much about all these geopolitical games against the statehood. It may become sort of late in the future.Azerbaijantwo times faced Armenians` gambles on self-determination on its historical lands. Therefore, dangerous consequences of political games of Armenians are seen beforehand. This big chimera of Armenians who are aliens in theCaucasusdoes not promise anything good to the region.

Arastu Habibbayli (Ph. D)

  1. http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rngeorgia.html
  2. http://javakhk.ru/news/111.html
  3. http://www.ethno-kavkaz.narod.ru/rnabkhazia.html

 

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