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Clash of the civilizations: threats for world’s future

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Baku, October 2 – Newtimes.az

Wars have engulfed the mankind. Fighting, erupting throughout the world entails grave danger on the global scale. So, ideas are voiced, that it is the clash of the civilizations that rests in the core of the conflicts. In the meantime, concerns for the future of the mankind are growing.

Clash of the civilizations: key features

In 1952, two American anthropologists of the German descent, L.Kroeber and C.Kluckhohn had expressed their ideas against segregation between the cultures and civilizations (1). Basically, this meant the rejection of the idea that had prevailed in the Western mindset about the confrontation between culture and civilization. At the time, it was unknown where this idea shift would lead the geopolitics.

In the 80’s of the past century one of the renowned American sociologists, Samuel P.Huntington had suggested the following thesis: there are various civilizations and means of their coexistence have to be identified (2). Although, personal conclusion of S.Huntington was worth meditating upon, “clash of the civilizations is inevitable”.

This idea shift had found the way into almost every Western theory. As if there was a growing support for the process in the conclusions of the philosophers. In the late XX century Russian philosophers P. Shedrovitsky and E.Ostrovsky had expressed the idea that mankind commenced the usage of the principles of “language and culture”.

Late XX century and early XXI century witnessed indeed an intense clash of the civilizations. Geopolitical events taking place in various parts of the world had once again reiterated the perplexity of the challenges facing the mankind. At present stage in the history the clash for “culture and language” has revealed concealed features.

Only the few would assess the collapse of the socialist block in the late 90’s of the last century as a civilization event. Consequent course of the events had demonstrated that civilization and cultural affiliation defines the attitude for various nations belonging to the same geopolitical location. It’s more obvious in the South Caucasus.

Instead of unbiased position on the part of Western states we have encountered an approach based on the religious segregation. Armenia, the aggressor, was safeguarded by its Christian patrons on every occasion. In politics, this approach is named “double standards”. Meaning, that staunch belief in the clash of civilizations lies within the source.

Ad hoc Minsk Group established by the international institutions with the sole aim of resolving the Nagorno Karabakh also fell victim to double standards. Co-chair mediators applied civilization differences approach to the resolution process.

Presently, Armenia has grown so confident that it refuses to harken to its patrons. People of the South Caucasus still sense the negative effects of viewing the global geopolitical picture from the prism of the clash of civilizations.

One of the factors validating the outlook of the West to the global geopolitical realities based on the aspects of the clash of the civilizations is the attitude towards Turkey’s European Union membership aspirations. For the past 50 years Ankara has consistently worked its way towards the membership. But under various pretexts country’s aspirations are denied. Whereas, feeble, and economically underdeveloped countries of the Eastern Europe compared to Turkey enjoy membership in the EU.

For instance Bulgaria, Poland, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, Greek Cyprus and others are less socially and economically advanced than Turkey. Then why it’s the weak Christian states of Europe and not the Muslim country of Turkey succeed with their membership to the organization. It is because the principles of the clash of the civilizations are applied in the global politics.

Where the wars are mainly waged?

Let’s take a glance at the geography of the wars waged presently around the world. All of them engulf the Muslim states. Why is it? Islam is one of the most humane religions in the world. It does not condone terror or fighting. On the contrary, a Muslim has to be descent, respecting the rights of the rest. However, “invisible hands” stir the Muslim countries and wreak war havoc there.

For decades Afghanistan has been a war arena. Global superpowers confront each other over this country, exercising various means and instruments to attain success. Bloodshed in the Muslim Afghanistan is ongoing. Iraq shares the same fate. Without proper, serious reaction to the Armenian aggression, large countries, accusing Iraq of invading Kuwait had wreaked havoc there.

Armed conflicts persist in other Muslim countries such as Libya, Egypt and Syria to name a few. Pakistan literally has become a terrorism arena. They stir the situation in Turkey and threaten Iran. There is a sole purpose in the core of those events.

Favorable to the West, social-cultural, political, economic and cultural environment is imposed upon the Muslim countries. Under the pretext of globalization they push forward with their civilization values. “Westernization” is nowadays a commonly used term. Disguised as “democratization”, it is the process of “westernization” that is in full swing, imposing Western values upon the societies, bearers of different civilizations.

These actions lead to confrontations in various geopolitical locations in the world and it’s bound to continue as long as double standards prevail. Western countries are confidently progressing along with this wrongfully chosen path, applying the same policy with regards to Russia and China. China, representing a different culture is considered a threat. Many renowned politicians and analysts put it bluntly (see: 3 and 4).

Grouping of civilizations lies within the theoretical fundamentals of this position. Back in 1996 Samuel P. Huntington in his book titled “The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order” had classified the world into 8 different civilizations (2). He underscores Islam and the Chinese civilization as most perspective ones. Main idea of his forecast spanning until 2025 was that Western civilization would outrun those two. This approach automatically highlights civilizations rivalry.

Evolving of this process may clearly be seen in the unfolding events in various parts of the world. Therefore like it or not, one comes to a conclusion that the West contemplates over a special plan to halt the development of different civilizations, taking geopolitical steps for their implementation in the long run.

Choice of such a strategy heightens the intra civilization tensions, indication of which, are the view differences between leading analysts of the West in regards to the process called “Arab Spring”. Because, today analysts fear that geopolitical processes on the global scale have reached a stalemate. Therefore, questions are asked about true essence of the “Arab Spring”.

Concerns have emerged regarding the future of the mankind in the light of the dramatic nature of the clash of the civilizations. One gets an impression that struggle is beyond of taking the shape of the dialogue of civilizations. Naturally, the question is where this world is going?

Future of the mankind: which development model prevails?

There is no unequivocal answer to this question yet. Presently, clash of the civilizations has intensified in the Middle East and the Far East. Eurasia has also become a quite sensitive area in this regard. Volatility is common feature for all of those geopolitical locations.

Emerging strife in the Muslim countries of the Middle East gradually affects greater social classes, while objective and efficient means of handling the situation by the international community are nowhere to be found. Humanitarian disaster is unfolding in Syria, however big players perform within the margins of their geopolitical interests.

Media war around Iran’s nuclear program has brought nations face to face. Military resolution of this matter is widely spoken about on the highest level. Interestingly, both in the West and in Iran the matter is presented in the civilizations value perspective. Meaning, that Israel claims Iran, being a Muslim state, poses a global threat. Tehran in turn, threatens to “wipe the Zionist regime of the map”, presenting the standoff as the one between the Islamic and the Christian civilizations.

Similar picture is observed in the Far East. China is being openly described as a nation with different system of culture and civilization values. Therefore, the situation is being antagonized in connection with the aforementioned. U.S. has deployed significant number of military vessels to the area. Preventing the victory of Chinese civilization over the Western one is the fundamental aspect of the forecasts made by the Western experts.

Generally the processes clearly demonstrate that mankind is gradually approaching a perilous stage. Waging of an implacable struggle between the civilizations is a global threat and under the given circumstances the future of mankind looks gloomy.

One of the ancient sages once said “save the world to save yourself”. Salvation of any civilization is connected with the salvation of the world. It is by exterminating the bearers of other cultures the West drives itself in a deadlock. Confucius said “What you do not want done to yourself, do not do it to others”. It is them that drive the world towards annihilation.

Newtimes.az

References

  1. L. Kroeber, Clyde Kluckhohn, Wayne Untereiner, Alfred G. Meyer. Culture: A Critical Review of Concepts and Definitions. New York, Vintage Books, 1952, 448 pages.
  2. Samuel P. Huntington. The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order. New York, Simon & Schuster, 1996, 368 pages.
  3. Henry A. Kissinger. On China. Penguin Books, 2011, 624 pages.
  4. Henry A. Kissinger. The limits of universalism // The New Criterion, June 2012. Text: http://www.newcriterion.com/articles.cfm/The-limits-of-universalism-7397.

 

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