Military clashes in Syria and Iraq have become more intensive lately with one of the key features being the air bombardments against the civilians. Such attacks had claimed hundreds of lives and caused displacement of thousands more. The situation in Mosul is dramatic to the extent that the government forces have halted the operations. Elsewhere in Syria, the geopolitical tensions around Manbij and Afrin have spiraled. Washington and Moscow have started to back PYD there openly. If Americans are eyeing Raqqa, Russians are making sure that their people are on the ground in Afrin to secure their interests. Ankara's response was an anticipated one as it said the Operation Euphrates Shield would continue. Thus, the outlines of an apparent new triangle of tensions – standoff between US, Russia and Turkey – is starting to emerge.
With less than six months to the next elections to German Bundestag (September 2017) international media is monitoring closely all the political processes around the world that are even slightly associated with such a significant political event. Upcoming elections in one of the most influential nations of the Old World that actually serves as the economic safeguard across the entire European continent are important because imminent is the shaping of the new government and the election of the Chancellor. For the time being, it is evident that the race for the highest public position in the country will not be the easiest one as some of the time-tested political hawks are gearing up for the fight.
The 20th century witnessed the perpetration of crimes and emergence of universal threats and challenges. It is the past century when humanity was brought face to face with fascism, racism, xenophobia, apartheid, genocide, international terrorism and different phobias, particularly Islamophobia and Turkophobia, which have recently been growing. The last century went down in history as a century of two world wars, millions of deaths and the use of the atomic bomb. The 20th century witnessed one of the large-scale outbreaks of national, religious and racial discrimination in human history. Crimes against humanity encouraged the emergence of a world order dominated by the killing of millions of innocent people and national, religious and ethnic phobias. Unfortunately, all these events challenging humanity are associated with the Western world, Europe, which is considered an example to the rest of the world.
The Azerbaijani capital of Baku has hosted a landmark meeting between the chairmen of the joint chiefs of staff of the Russian and American armed forces. Experts say the agenda did not include mere local and technical issues as the generals discussed global geopolitical problems. And it`s no coincidence that the two superpowers decided to choose Baku as location for the meeting of their military leaders. They gave preference to Azerbaijan as the most rational option from among former Soviet republics. This means that the post-Soviet region is now playing an increasing role in the global geopolitical processes. In the Caucasian sub-region, preference is given to Azerbaijan as a reliable and civil country. We believe that this will have a strong impact on regional and global politics and the formation of security system.
The terror attack that happened in Istanbul on the New Year eve provoked different reaction. Politicians and experts believe this will have serious geo-political repercussions, including elevation of superpowers` struggle for influence in the Middle East to a new level. Emergence of new geo-political configurations is not ruled out, which is evidenced by Russia-Turkey collaboration on the Syrian issue. But that`s not all. The United States, Israel, EU member states as well as several countries in the Middle East are likely to get more active. Experts predict that the wave of terror may spread to the regions in the vicinity of the Middle East and have serious implications for regional and global security.
In modern time Uzbekistan is a country which is developing in all spheres and directions. Today the country can feel proud for the ponderable results it gained under the direction of the President Islam Karimov. Keeping pace with time and world society, Uzbekistan pays huge attention to strengthening the friendship, cooperation and the mutually beneficial partnership with Azerbaijan. The time itself showed that uzbek-azerbaijani relationship has huge perspectives and plays significant role in supporting long-term stability and sustainability in the regions of Southern Caucasus and Central Asia.
Armenia has kept 20 per cent of Azerbaijani lands under occupation for 25 years. The initiatives put forward by the OSCE Minsk Group, which was set up to mediate the problem, have proved fruitless so far. Among the main reasons why Armenia`s occupation still continues are that no clarification is made into the notions of the aggressor and the victim, that truth is hidden, and that the rights of over a million Azerbaijani refuges to live on their own soil are ignored, while human rights of 100,000 Nagorno-Karabakh Armenians are brought to the fore.
The Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Moldova have always been closely connected by bonds of friendship, cooperation and reciprocal support. Our countries have much in common starting with the year of declaring our independence in 1991. Moreover, along with some other states both Azerbaijan and Moldova joined the United Nations on the same day, 2 March 1992 and since then, they have been effectively collaborating not only in the framework of this universal Organization, but on the international arena in general.
The history of relations between Egypt and Azerbaijan dates back to ancient times. These relations have also continued during the period of the former Soviet Union. The richness of Azerbaijan in oil and gas reserves has led to occupy its important place among the former Soviet Union republics. It is known that Egypt has collaborated with the Soviet Union for a long time in military, economic and political spheres.
Therefore, Azerbaijan is a good example about the best way to efficiently improve integration of different components of the society, and abhor all sorts of exclusions for ethnic, social or religious purposes. This has been the case throughout the History of Azerbaijan, despite some periods of political turmoil, social unease or foreign involvement. In this respect, it is worth mentioning the example of few cemeteries in Baku, where deceased people of different faiths lay side by side and rest in peace. Cemeteries are also a cornerstone and a reference for scholars and researchers seeking to learn about Azerbaijan History. The way cemeteries are conserved and protected in Azerbaijan is really fascinating.