Istanbul bleeds again as a fresh wave of terrorist attacks killed dozens of innocent people. The brotherly nation once again united against the evil of terrorism. The country`s leadership reaffirmed its commitment to the development line and readiness to put zeal in this mission. Letters of condolence were pouring in from friendly countries. The President of Azerbaijan also expressed his sympathy with the Turkish nation. Experts look at this incident in a geo-political context. President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said certain forces carry out a dirty trick campaign against Turkey. The terrorist attacks are committed by their servants. Ankara is determined to get to the root of the problem, and no one can stop it. Experts are now trying to forecast possible geo-political repercussions of the latest terrorist attack.
Many political analysts say geopolitical uncertainty is now spreading around the world. This in fact has been spoken about for many years, but now it`s a much deeper problem. According to experts, countries are becoming weaker. Naturally, it is quite an interesting conclusion. But if this situation persists, it can put the future of mankind at risk. What is the way out? Unfortunately, no one has an idea. But there are grounds for optimism as the history has already witnessed similar situations. Taking advantage of this opportunity certainly requires tremendous theoretical and practical efforts as building a new paradigm is not an easy task.
While the world`s energy executives gathered in Istanbul for the Energy Congress, Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan organized an absurd "forum" in New York. Called Armenia Investment Forum 2016, this gathering neither had anything to do with its name nor provoked any interest. Although official Yerevan wanted to attract investment in Armenia, it found itself in a ridiculous and shameful position. The "forum" did not feature any serious discussions, no decisions were made at the gathering either. Although the official Armenian propaganda attempted to exaggerate some points, this proved ineffective because people believe in reality rather than in what the Armenian leadership says. In reality, the Armenian population is getting more and more plunged into financial difficulties. The country`s economy is getting increasingly dependent on external factors. Even the incoming prime minister and several ministers complain of the difficulty of the situation. This means that the Armenian government again faces fiasco and is dragging the country into uncertainty.
A stand-off over the Middle East problem is further straining relations between the USA and Russia. Official Washington sharply condemned the air strikes on the Syrian city of Aleppo, which killed 323 civilians, including children, and hit two hospitals. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon said what is happening in Aleppo is worse than "a slaughterhouse". Experts believe these developments will add to the uncertainty of the geo-political situation in the Middle East. They do not even rule out a regional war. What implications will the escalation of the Syrian conflict have for the global geo-political situation?
The Syrian crisis is full of surprises. Big nations of the world and the region actively interfere with the situation in that country. Truth be told, today Syria resembles a quagmire. This country has turned into a battleground where interests of the West, led by the U.S., and Russia, Iran and Saudi Arabia collide. Yet no concrete results are visible; armed clashes are not subsiding and rampant terrorism continues to threaten other regions in the vicinity. Meanwhile, the Turkish Special Forces have started to render substantial assistance to the Free Syrian Army in the north of the country. Strategic town of Jerablus has already been cleared of terrorists. Ankara stated that the process would continue until ISIS and PYD were completely eliminated in the region. It is fascinating that the big players do not demonstrate fierce opposition to Turkey's actions. Even the U.S., France and Germany voiced their support to Turkey. Nevertheless, the experts warn that putting boots on the ground in Syria is a risky venture. What could be the outcome of the process?
Federica Mogherini, the European Union's High Representative for Foreign Affairs and Security Policy and Vice-President of the European Commission articulated several fascinating theses during her visit to Azerbaijan and Armenia. First, she visited Baku where she attended the Southern Gas Corridor Advisory Council Second Ministerial Meeting of and exchanged views with nation's top leaders. She then travelled to Yerevan. While in Baku, she emphasized particular attention that EU paid to cooperation with Azerbaijan. She also highlighted important role played by Azerbaijan in ensuring Europe's energy security, which should be seen as for Brussels, relations with Azerbaijan are of strategic significance. In Yerevan, she stated that the EU was not looking for satellites and that Europe needed strong partners. In fact, those messages indicate the priorities in the organization's South Caucasus policy. One could guess that this posture could have implications within the global geopolitical environment.
From the political angle, the world has entered into an extremely sensitive phase. Different processes coupled with political, economic, environmental and military factors are increasingly overwhelming a greater geography and thus, provoke profound concern. Here arises a need to address the role of Islam and the attitude towards it in the modern era. It is no secret that according to renowned Western scholars, Islam as a civilization can play an important role in the XXI century. Whereas, Islamophobia is a negative trend publicized in the very West. What are the threats for the humankind's safety and wellbeing that emerge against the backdrop of these realities? Is there a panacea? Are there any concrete examples?
After the Middle East, the Central Asia is suggested as the next action theatre for the radical groups. Many politicians are concerned about that. ISIS is said to be on the offensive in certain parts of Afghanistan. International coalition against it is yet to be forged. The West and Russia are too busy with Syria that leads to fallouts in the Afghanistan direction. Experts are sounding the alarm; they warn that the region could be the next hotbed of perilous processes and there are enough facts to back that claim. Russian Foreign Ministry issued a special statement most recently, stating that terrorists are readying to infiltrate Russia and the Central Asian countries.
For many years, almost since the very day of occupation of Azerbaijan's territory, the leading world powers on different international levels have expressed their concern about the fact that the Nagorno Karabakh conflict remains unresolved. Such a rhetoric is more of an outcome of efforts of Azerbaijan's diplomacy and performance of its government in the system of international relations rather than the eagerness of the great powers to resolve this protracted conflict. And if until now those countries were making only declarative statements regarding the need to solve this conflict, without even once putting pressure on the aggressor country, recently, they started to express their readiness to contribute to peace in Nagorno Karabakh more frequently.
Cold winds were blowing in the relations between Turkey and the European Union until very recently. According to some forecasts, chances of Turkey becoming the EU member state were next to zero. Yet again, it became clear that it would be wrong to jump to hasty conclusions. Mass Europe-bound influx of people fleeing the war in Syria had put Brussels in a difficult position. Attitude towards the migrants was negative at first but then it became obvious that this would produce a remedy. Furthermore, the EU realized that Turkey was indispensable for rectifying the situation. Interestingly, the timing of Turkey shooting down the Russian Su-24 fighter jet and the culmination of the migrant crisis had coincided.