Pakistan and Azerbaijan are two fraternal countries. Close and cordial relations between the two countries are characterized by common cultural heritage, shared perceptions on global and regional issues and cooperation at international forums. Due to deeply entrenched affinities, both the countries cherish special bond of friendship. Pakistan was among the first three countries to recognize Azerbaijan after its independence from the former Soviet Union in October 1991. Diplomatic relations were established in June 1992. Pakistan Embassy was opened in March 1993 in Baku and Azerbaijan established its Mission in Islamabad in August 1997. Next year i.e. in 2017 the two countries will celebrate silver Jubilee of establishment of their diplomatic relations. The cooperation between the two states extends to various spheres ranging from political, economic, security, defence to culture.
The Republic of Azerbaijan and the Republic of Moldova have always been closely connected by bonds of friendship, cooperation and reciprocal support. Our countries have much in common starting with the year of declaring our independence in 1991. Moreover, along with some other states both Azerbaijan and Moldova joined the United Nations on the same day, 2 March 1992 and since then, they have been effectively collaborating not only in the framework of this universal Organization, but on the international arena in general.
The history of relations between Egypt and Azerbaijan dates back to ancient times. These relations have also continued during the period of the former Soviet Union. The richness of Azerbaijan in oil and gas reserves has led to occupy its important place among the former Soviet Union republics. It is known that Egypt has collaborated with the Soviet Union for a long time in military, economic and political spheres.
Therefore, Azerbaijan is a good example about the best way to efficiently improve integration of different components of the society, and abhor all sorts of exclusions for ethnic, social or religious purposes. This has been the case throughout the History of Azerbaijan, despite some periods of political turmoil, social unease or foreign involvement. In this respect, it is worth mentioning the example of few cemeteries in Baku, where deceased people of different faiths lay side by side and rest in peace. Cemeteries are also a cornerstone and a reference for scholars and researchers seeking to learn about Azerbaijan History. The way cemeteries are conserved and protected in Azerbaijan is really fascinating.
Mexico recognized Azerbaijan's independence in December of 1991. Just one month later, on January 14, 1992, we established diplomatic relations. For seventeen years, bilateral contacts between both countries went through a phase of relative dormancy, with occasional and small exports. In 2007 our relationship propelled with the opening of the Embassy of Azerbaijan in Mexico – its first in Latin America – and the subsequent arrival of its resident ambassador in 2009. This first phase in developing bilateral relations attained a new mark with the opening of the Embassy of Mexico in Azerbaijan in 2014, with the first Ambassador – myself – arriving in May 2015, with a clear set of goals to build, to develop bilateral exchanges, communications, and the relation itself.
Malaysia enjoys close and friendly relations with the Republic of Azerbaijan since diplomatic relations were established on 5 April 1993. Azerbaijan established its diplomatic mission in Malaysia in June, 2007, while Malaysia recently established its Embassy in Baku, Azerbaijan on 1 April 2014. An official opening ceremony of the Embassy of Malaysia in Baku was held on 12 September 2014 and was officiated by The Honourable Najib Tun Abdul Razak, Prime Minister of Malaysia accompanied by His Excellency Elmar Mammadyarov, Foreign Minister of the Republic of Azerbaijan and His Excellency Anifah Aman, the Foreign Minister of Malaysia.
Hungary also supports the steps Azerbaijan is taking towards the cooperation with the European Union. Azerbaijan is one of the participants of the Eastern Partnership programme, while Hungary is a member of the European Union. In this regard, Hungary is a supporter of the notion of differentiation between different partner countries. We consider Azerbaijan as a reliable partner, a strategic ally of the European Union, not only in the field of energy security. The growth of our relations is of importance to the EU as well.
The Republic of Lithuania recognized de jure the Republic of Azerbaijan on December 20, 1991. Since November 27, 1995 Lithuania and Azerbaijan established diplomatic relations. Both countries are actively implementing political dialogue as well as developing economic cooperation and diplomatic relations based on international principals, one of which is of great importance for the newly re-created country – it is a respect to country's sovereignty and territorial integrity.
Marking the anniversaries, such as the 25th anniversary of the State Independences, is significant in terms of offering an opportunity to look back at the past, think over the achieved, summarize and analyse past events and also, based on this analysis, to make plans and decisions for the future. Mentioned 25-year period can be characterized by stable development and establishment for Azerbaijan as is for Latvia and I would say that it was uneasy as both countries had to go through many challenges in order to be successful.
If we look at the historical roots of Kuwait-Azerbaijan relations, it will be seen how strong these relations are. In 1991, after gaining its independence Azerbaijan has gone through very difficult stages and trials. So 20% of its territory was occupied by Armenia and more than 1 million cognates were expelled from their native land.