Armenia has kept 20 per cent of Azerbaijani lands under occupation for 25 years. The initiatives put forward by the OSCE Minsk Group, which was set up to mediate the problem, have proved fruitless so far. Among the main reasons why Armenia`s occupation still continues are that no clarification is made into the notions of the aggressor and the victim, that truth is hidden, and that the rights of over a million Azerbaijani refuges to live on their own soil are ignored, while human rights of 100,000 Nagorno-Karabakh Armenians are brought to the fore.
Author: Hatem Jabbarli
America has dominated the unipolar world since the fall of the USSR. The US is certainly the most powerful country both politically, economically and militarily. The US military budget is $582.7 billion, which exceeds the military budget of G8 countries all together. Washington is expected to increase its military spending as it leads the international anti-terror coalition. The US has and regularly uses the opportunity to interfere politically or militarily in processes taking place in any part of the world. Although America behaves as the world ruler the country almost lacks a sense of justice and does not obey the principles of international law.
International transportation issue has been a lingering problem for Armenia since the day it declared its independence. The northern transportation corridor that runs across Azerbaijan has been inaccessible after occupation of Azerbaijan's territory. Although Armenia uses the Upper Lars customs checkpoint in Georgia, for political, geographic, environmental and other reasons it occasionally encounters significant problems there. That is to say that Upper Lars simply cannot accommodate completely Armenia's needs.
Since declaring its independence, Armenia has largely been helpless in tackling its political, economic and social grievances. Another dangerous problem of demographics is evident in its entire severity and persists as a negative trend. According to the UN's 2015 World Population Prospects, Armenia of today with the population of 3.018 million people would see a steady decline in numbers – 2.992 million in 2030, 2.729 million in 2050 and 1.700 million in 21001. Based on information released by Karine Kuyumchuyan of the Census Department of the National Statistics Service of Armenia, the natural population growth in the country stood at 4091 people in the first quarter of 2015 – 8.6 percent decline from the year before (4447).
According to the international practice, when countries cannot agree on the issues related to occupation, ethnic problems, border disputes and other matters, one or several impartial states can be designated as mediators for resolution of the outstanding issue. Examples are abundant. Created in 1992, the Minsk Group of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was supposed to resolve the problem of occupation of Azerbaijan's territory by Armenia. Yet for over 20 years now, the Minsk Group has struggled to propose to the parties any decent plan for peaceful resolution of the problem. The Minsk Group cannot even be credited with the signing of the ceasefire agreement in 1994.
As the struggle between the West and Russia over Ukraine has exacerbated the government of Ukraine commenced the pursuit of what U.S. and European countries are describing as deepening of ties with the European Union. That said, it started to feel greater Russian pressure as Ukraine moved forward. It was followed by an attempt of the Ukrainian government to distance itself from the European Union and seek advancement of relations with Russia.
Until the late 2000s the Western world-Russia standoff was largely unfolding in the Eastern Europe, however since then, the West has endeavored to solidify its stance in the post-Soviet geography. Eastern Partnership, NATO's Partnership for Peace Program and others were designated to foster relations with the post-Soviet nations and enhance their European integration. Today, Ukraine is vital for enlargement aspirations of the West, whereas for Russia, it stands for a struggle arena for prevention of approaching towards its borders. The outlines of this struggle became more evident by the late 2013, while Ukraine has aimed to determine its political future sandwiched between the two powers.
NATO membership for Ukraine and Georgia was discussed during Alliance's Summit held on 3-4 April 2008. U.S. pledged support to these nations while France and Germany objected citing Russia's concerns. At the end of the day consensus was not reached, however, albeit official accession process was not launched, Ukraine and Georgia had embarked on a journey.
Armenia is a country that encourages terrorism and rewards the terrorists. U.S. citizen Monte Melkonyan that was involved in the terrorist acts against the Turkish diplomats came to Armenia in 1990 and personally committed atrocities against the citizens of Azerbaijan until being killed in 1993; then the President of Armenia Levon Ter-Petrsoyan attended his funeral and the title ''National Hero of Armenia'' was posthumously conferred upon him.
For the past 400 years Russia has exercised control of the area of the modern day Ukraine. Recent problems between Russia and Ukraine are not an outcome of animosity among the two nations, but rather the implementation of ''Anaconda Plan'' tactics against Russia by the U.S., NATO and European Union. This tactic was first employed by General George Brinton McClellan during the U.S. Civil War (1861-1865). The objective was to block the geopolitical enemy's access to the seas, oceans, allies and natural resources. Thus, the party capable of implementing it would acquire stronger position and weaken geopolitical posture of the adversary.