The 20th century witnessed the perpetration of crimes and emergence of universal threats and challenges. It is the past century when humanity was brought face to face with fascism, racism, xenophobia, apartheid, genocide, international terrorism and different phobias, particularly Islamophobia and Turkophobia, which have recently been growing. The last century went down in history as a century of two world wars, millions of deaths and the use of the atomic bomb. The 20th century witnessed one of the large-scale outbreaks of national, religious and racial discrimination in human history. Crimes against humanity encouraged the emergence of a world order dominated by the killing of millions of innocent people and national, religious and ethnic phobias. Unfortunately, all these events challenging humanity are associated with the Western world, Europe, which is considered an example to the rest of the world.
Author: Arastu Habibbeyli
Resolution of the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno Karabakh conflict remains the primary objective for Azerbaijan's foreign policy. This conflict has already defied regional boundaries and now poses a great threat for the political configuration across a wider geography. Meanwhile, the Armenian side aims to mislead the world by persisting that the conflict has religious roots and to that end it is engaged in a broad international propaganda.
It is a well-known fact that the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe was established as a Conference in 1975. The primary objectives included addressing of security and cooperation issues across the European continent. That is to say, Europe was the main theatre for operations. Several Asian nations joined at a later stage. Yet from the day of its inception, two non-European nations – U.S. and Canada – have been among the member states. If we scrutinize the operating principle of the organization, an utterly fascinating aspect becomes evident. The issues of democracy, human rights and election transparency that the very organization has identified among its priorities are applied to the Eurasian countries. It is not a coincidence that the OSCE remains the main election observer in all sorts of elections across that geography, while the OSCE observation missions are perfectly legally kept at comfortable distance away from the polling stations in the U.S. Moreover, you cannot come across an annual OSCE report regarding the problems of human rights and civil society in the countries across the Atlantic.
Events of recent days on the frontline have pinned the entire world's attention to the Armenia-Azerbaijan Nagorno Karabakh conflict. The war now rages not just in the trenches but also across all platforms, including the international organizations. Resonance of the clashes provoked by the subversions of the Armenian armed forces in the occupied Azerbaijani territory vividly demonstrates the advocates and their agenda on the global stage. Grave concern expressed by the international organizations and their leaders with respect to this conflict moving into active phase revealed clear standpoints. Some unequivocally support Azerbaijan's just position, others try to remain neutral, while there are even those who attempt to justify the aggressor. While doing so, they forget the real cause that engendered this conflict and occupation of Azerbaijan's lands by the Armenians and instead focus on the humanitarian aspect.
Throughout the history, the humankind has had a world order based on system of values of different power centers and their corresponding ideologies. The world order based on the differences occasionally produced polarization and profound contradictions depending on the coherence of different values. Looking into history, one comes across the East-West confrontation. Indeed, that has to do with the fact that classic history was written predominantly with reference to Western sources. If Chinese sources were to be used in narrating the history we have studied, we would witness a different kind of standoff. For example, from the Chinese angle, the ancient Sino-Turkish and Sino-Indian inter-civilizational relations played far more important role.
Nowadays, the Armenians present themselves humbly in front of the world as the land populated by Christians in the East and its ultimate fortress, i.e. mythical first Christian state. These myths are promoted internationally specifically after Armenians' betrayal of their protectors, the Turks during the First World War. In this regard, the background of the visit of the President of the Republic of Armenia, Serzh Sargsyan to the Vatican is yet another attempt to deceive the world community and the Christian world.
The geopolitical processes of modern times demonstrate that unipolar world model can no longer endure. The world model of exceptional power of the West, and particularly of the United States, that emerged in the dawn of the last century, has proven to be unsustainable. It is fascinating that the West, with aspirations of dominance and hegemony, encountered crises and faced tough dilemmas, not only in political and economic fields, but also in cultural and religious domains, and even within the system of values. The main pillar of this unipolar world system was based solely on the Western values. This model, based on the theme "If you are not likeminded we cannot coexist" was doomed.
The Republic of Azerbaijan located in an extremely volatile region from the geopolitical point of view marked the 23rd anniversary of its independence with greater increase in its political significance in the world. What note the neighbours will end the year on is of great importance for the country that sits at the crossroads of the East and West, North and South, Islamic and Christian worlds in order to evaluate the geopolitical situation. In the region where our country is located, the year 2014 was not so simple for 3 big powers – Russia, Turkey and Iran – with their different political preference. Foreign policies of all the 3 states have undergone serious changes in the outgoing year. They experienced complex processes. Georgia, the strategic ally of Azerbaijan in the South Caucasus, is experiencing historic 365 days in its sovereign development. This year was the year of choice between foreign policy priorities for Armenia, which is the permanent destabilizing factor.
Having declared themselves the first Christian state in the world, the Armenians have a centuries-long history of attempts to skillfully play this card. Interestingly, in different parts of the world the Christianity served Armenians' various purposes. Presumably, owing to the fact that their actual number is in the vicinity of just several million, the Armenians are practicing all the major branches and denominations of this religion. Armenians of such religious affiliation as Gregorian, Catholic, Protestant, Greek-Orthodox, Monophysite, Dyophysite, Evangelist and other are scattered around the world. Armenian-Muslims are also another subject.
The XX World Cup held in the ''capital of football'' – Brazil came to an end with Germany' victory. Like any other important sporting event that goes into the history of sports, this one was also memorable for its political aspects. As the international community was looking forward to grand football celebration, holding of back-to-back strikes and rallies in Brazil was an astounding development. Even before the championship was kicked off local population held...