Advances in science and technology contribute to progress for the humankind on many issues. In general, however, this factor is also manifested in the emergence of new threats. In particular, we witness the accomplishments in the information technology field used for malign purposes. Experts already use the new term – cyberwarfare. This phenomenon refers to disabling of certain assets using virtual means, implying new level and scale of the information warfare. It is no secret that this factor constitutes a threat to the entire world. Therefore, we believe that is it the right moment to give it a profound thought.
Author: Elsevar Abdullayev
Turkey has long been on the verge of the European Union. About the European future of the country which is located between Asia and Europe half a century ago talked Adenauer and De Gaulle. In 1999, Turkey received the status of a candidate for EU membership. However, since then a lot has happened in the EU, many other countries entered EU, yet Turkey is still in the hallway. Apparently, the high-flown phrases of EU officials that "Turkey is a country which can not be ignored", which "has become a valuable element for Europe's competitiveness" is not so much inspiring rather than annoying the public on both sides. The negotiation process between Brussels and Ankara, which was for decades under the pressure of a series of political, economic and other issues, was "crushed" also by large-scale economic crisis in the EU.
Ukraine crisis became a catalyst for revisiting of foreign and defense policies pursued by the countries of the European Union. Germany has assumed the most active position and commenced developing a new security strategy – ''Bundeswehr's White Paper''. New military doctrine envisages lifting restrictions imposed upon the country in the wake of Fascism's defeat after the WWII. Countering ''Russia's aggression'' would be the priority direction of this new military doctrine.
President Recep Tayyip Erdogan`s three day visit to Kazakhstan that drew attention of experts has ended. The list of discussed issues is wide enough which included further strengthening of Kazakh-Turkish strategic cooperation, development cooperation of wide range of relationships, ways to deepen ties in economic, trade, investment, industrial, transit transport, cultural and humanitarian sphere, the possibility of creating a customs Union of Turkic-speaking countries, share acquisition in Kazakhstan Turkish Trans-Anatolian gas pipeline. Nazarbayev and Erdogan also reviewed relevant aspects of international and regional agenda.
Apparently, Riyadh's Middle East policy is undergoing certain changes. According to some U.S. media outlets, the government of Saudi Arabia has allegedly offered Russia to cut the oil production – something to lead inevitably to higher prices on the international markets. In exchange, Riyadh proposed that Russia stopped buttressing Syrian President Bashar Assad or at least to assume a neutral posture.
Dramatic upheavals occurred indeed on the world political map in the first decade of the 21st century but international relations system did not experience any significant changes. As a whole, it remained as it was before, that is, declarative. It means it did not meet high effectiveness requirements in crisis situations, which is vulnerable to the criticism of both strong and weak actors of the contemporary international system. It is not accidental that overall improvement of international relations after the end of the cold war takes place neither owing to nor contrary to the system, which manages them, but irrespective of its existence since it is not accidental that there is a trend of the increasing regulating role of regional organizations (EU, ASEAN, Arab League etc), informal associations (such as G8) and just working contacts at the summit levels (meetings without ties) in international relations with simultaneous decreasing role of the UN.